ARTISTS

Many important artists have worked on designing and adapting the illustrations of the Greek stamps over time.

Here is a brief and informative presentation of the older ones along with some of their characteristic creations.

Giannis Kefallinos (1894-1957)

Giannis Kefallinos was born in Alexandria from a bourgeois family from Cephalonia and Chios. Excellent student, he soon followed his artistic inclination, studied Art History and painting in France, where he lived for several years.

He settled in Greece in 1930, when he was elected as a professor at the School of Fine Arts one year later. He organized the Engraving Lab by perfecting this technique.

The art of the book was of great interest to him during his stay in France as well as in Greece, and he also collaborated with Hellenic Post (1950-54) by creating stamps that have received international distinctions.

He was never interested in showing his work, thus justifying the characterization “The Silent”, which P. Prevelakis gave him in his obituary. He accepted that only two completed works of his would be presented to the public: The Peacock (1946) and the Ten White Lecythi (1956).

Kefallinos’ relationship with his students was never typical: he was interested and cared for them like a father. His inherent goodness (the relatives called him “Kalogiannis” i.e. Good John) and the sense of solidarity and justice prompted him to defend the weak and the peace.

In 1954 he was elected Director of the Athens School of Fine Arts, a post he held until his death. Under his leadership, the School will show interest in and take a stand on issues of culture, liberty or human rights – issues that have always been of concern to him as he considered life as a primary value without ideological dogmatism: conscientious objection during the First World War and the Asia Minor Expedition of the Greek Army, he produced with his pupils the posters that encouraged the Greek people during the war of 1940 and supported the struggle of Cyprus against the English occupation.

FPM-344

Reconstruction (Marshall Plan). 1951. Industry - Depicting of factories and lifting machines. Printing proof for the 700 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-344

FPM-345

Reconstruction (Marshall Plan). 1951. Fishing - Ships and Triton symbolism. Printing proof for the 800 stamp. TTM-345. FPΜ-345

FPM-346

Reconstruction (Marshall Plan). 1951. Rebuilding - Symbolic restoration of ancient monuments. Printing proof for the 1300 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-346

FPM-347

Reconstruction (Marshall Plan). 1951. Agriculture - Depiction of cultivated fields with the goddess Demeter. Printing proof for the 1600 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-347

FPM-348

Reconstruction (Marshall Plan). 1951. Textiles - Weaver at the loom with Ergane Athena. Printing proof for the 2600 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-348

FPM-349

Reconstruction (Marshall Plan). 1951. Electrification - Map of Greece with the new power plants. Printing proof for the 5000 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-349

Anastasios Alevizos (1914 – 1985)

Anastasios Alevizos, known by the artistic pseudonym Tassos. Tassos attended engraving classes at the other great painter Giannis Kefallinos from 1933 until graduating from the School of Fine Arts (1939). He studied in Paris, Rome and Florence. At the Pan-Hellenic Art Exhibition of 1938 he received the Engraving Award and in 1940, the State Engraving Award. His acquaintance with Demetrius Galanis, an important engraver of the interwar period, seems to have been decisive.

With the declaration of the Greco-Italian War in 1940, Tassos, like other Kefallinos’ students, made posters for the encouragement of the Greek people. With the German Occupation, he joined the EPON and EAM (Resistance Organization) Artists, continuing, underground, the production of propaganda material against the Germans.

After the liberation, Tassos began to deal with other issues besides the war, such as naked, still life and portraits, while at the same time he began to use color in his woodcuts.

Graduating in 1939, he made covers and decorative clichées for the literature journal Nea Estia. Immediately after the end of the German Occupation, he took over the artistic direction of the publishing house “The New Books”, founded by the Greek Communist Party, in 1945 and closed in 1948.

In 1948 he began to work with the School Book Publishing Organization. The fruit of his collaboration with SBPO was the illustration of many books for the Primary and Secondary Schools, at first with the 1949 textbook for the 6th Class of the Elementary School.

In 1948 he became an artistic consultant for the Aspiotis-Elka lithography, and from 1954 to 1967 he designed stamps on behalf of the Hellenic Post, while from 1962 until his death, he designed stamps of the Republic of Cyprus. In 1959 he took over the Department of Graphic Arts at the Athenian Institute of Technology, where he taught until 1967.

FPM-368

Electrification of Greece. 1962. Tauropos Dam. Drawing for the issue of the 0,20 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-368

FPM-369

Electrification of Greece. 1962. Hydroelectric power plant on the river Ladon. Drawing for the issue of the 0,50 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-369

FPM-370

Electrification of Greece. 1962. Louros River Dam. Drawing for the issue of the 1,50 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-370

FPM-371

Electrification of Greece. 1962. Aliveri Power plant. Drawing for the issue of the 2,50 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ -371

FPM-1609

Electrification of Greece. 1962. The interior of the Aghras hydroelectric power plant. Drawing for the issue of the 6 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ-1609

FPM-1610

Electrification of Greece. 1962. High voltage substation of Thessaloniki. Drawing for the issue of the 4,50 drachmas class stamp. FPΜ -1610

FPM-1611

Electrification of Greece. 1962. Ptolemais Power Plant. Drawing for the issue of the 1 drachma class stamp. FPΜ -1611

Panagiotis Gravalos (1933-2015)

Panagiotis Gravalos studied painting at the School of Fine Arts at the great painters, Spyros Papaloukas and Giannis Moralis.

Professor of Engraving Giannis Kefallinos saw his excellence in engraving, advised him to follow the Engraving Art. His collaboration, however, with the great engraver A. Tassos, turned him towards the Graphic Arts and the applied arts.

Considering the social and educational role of the art and the artist, Panagiotis Gravvalos taught Engraving at the Athenian Technological Institute of the Doxiades School from 1961 until 1967. He was a founding member of the Center for Visual Arts.

From 1966 to 1993 he was a permanent collaborator of the Greek Post and designed many series of postage stamps, most of them honored with international awards.

In 1971 in the world contest in Warsaw, a poster of sport content was awarded with the 1st prize and has been exhibited since at the Museum of Graphic Arts in Poland.

From 1986 to 2000 he was an artistic partner of the Ionian Bank.

Designed many of the lapel pins for the Athens Olympics, he also designed the 24 official Collectors’ Coins issued by the Bank of Greece’s Mint, including 8 Gold and 16 Silver, while he also had the art director for the design of the Olympic and Paralympic Medals of the Games.

FPM-451

Common issue for the Greek Navy. 1978. First day cover envelope (FDC). FPΜ-451

FPM-452

Common issue for the Greek Navy. 1978. First day cover envelope (FDC). FPΜ-452.

FPM-488

150 years since the establishment of the State Postal Service in Greece. First day cover envelope (FDC). FPΜ-488.

Demetrius Biskinis (1891-1947)

Biskinis came from a family of hagiographers. He settled in Athens in 1900, along with his mother and older brother, where he enrolled next year at the Polytechnic Department of Painting, with Volanakis, Roilos, Iakovidis and Geraniotis as teachers. In 1914 he obtained a scholarship for higher studies in Paris through the Averoff Competition, but moved only after the end of the WW I in 1919, attending the Julian and Grande Chaumiere Academies, while exhibiting at the Salon des artistes francais. He returned to Athens in 1923 when he was appointed as a professor at the School of Fine Arts in 1928.

During his stay in Paris, Biskinis comes into contact with the occult beliefs that dominated the artistic circles. D. Biskinis, fled to dreams, to the world of the subconscious, to illuminate and consecrate the inevitable reality of death.

Among his students are Diamantis Diamantopoulos, Nikos Engonopoulos, Assadour Baharian, Paris Prekas and Panagiotis Tetsis.

He was a friend with the poet Kostis Palamas and he illuminated many of his works.

FPM-391

Mythological series. 1935. The Sun rushing mounted on his chariot drawn by two flame horses. Drawing for the issue of 1 drachma class stamp. The Mythological series won the First...

FPM-392

Mythological series. 1935. The messenger of Gods Iris flying with the crayon surrounded by the Rainbow. Drawing for the issue of the 2 drachmas class stamp. The Mythological series won...

FPM-393

Mythological series. 1935. Daidalos while processing the wings of Icarus. Drawing for the issue of the 5 drachmas class stamp. The Mythological series won the First Prize at the Philatelic...

FPM-394

Mythological series. 1935. Athena Chalinitic while curtailing the beloved Pegasus horse. Drawing for the issue of the 7 drachmas class stamp. The Mythological series won the First Prize at the...

FPM-395

Mythological series. 1935. Hermes flying with the candy. Drawing for the issue of the 10 drachmas class stamp. The Mythological series won the First Prize at the Philatelic Conference in...

FPM-396

Mythological series. 1935. Zeus in the form of an eagle takes Ganymede to heaven. Drawing for the issue of the 25 drachmas class stamp. The Mythological series won the First...

FPM-397

Mythological series. 1935. Tripotlemos, a priest of Goddess Demeter, sow the grains of wheat while on a chariot pulled by feathered snakes. Drawing for the issue of the 30 drachmas...

FPM-398

Mythological series. 1935. The Bellerophon with the flying bird Pegasus. Drawing for the issue of the 50 drachmas class stamp. The Mythological series won the First Prize at the Philatelic...

FPM-399

Mythological series. 1935. The golden-mouthed Nefeli raven while flying to the ethers Frixos and Elli. Drawing for the issue of the 100 drachmas class stamp. The Mythological series won the...